woman with rosacea

If you have ever looked in the mirror and noticed redness in your face, potentially with bumps that could look like acne and/or felt a burning sensation in the affected area, you may have experienced the early signs of rosacea.

Rosacea is a common skin condition that involves a red appearing face and a tendency to flush or blush. It is more common in adults than children. While some cases may look like acne, the two skin conditions are different.

Two Most Common Types of Rosacea

Several types of rosacea exist; however, I will limit this article to the two most common types:

  1. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETT type)
  2. Papulopustular rosacea

You may have “ETT” rosacea if you can see the tiny red blood vessels on your cheeks and nose and you experience frequent flushing episodes, but do not have any acne bumps.

If you have more acne-like breakouts with redness and swelling on your nose or other parts of your face, you may be feeling the effects of the second listed type—papulopustular rosacea.

Both types could involve eye symptoms, including red/irritated eyes, swollen eyelids, or a gritty feeling in the eyes.  If you are also experiencing eye symptoms, then a visit to the dermatologist and your eye specialist may be important.

Rosacea Treatments

There are numerous treatments for all types of rosacea. These include topical creams and gels, oral antibiotic medications, and lasers. With some simple steps, you may be able to reduce flare-ups in-between visits to your dermatologist

All types of rosacea can benefit from some simple tips:

  1. Sun protection: broad-spectrum sunscreen and sun-protective clothing
  2. Only use gentle skincare products
  3. Moisturize often
  4. Avoid triggers of flushing (spicy foods, alcohol, wind)

If you think you might be experiencing any of these symptoms, consider making an appointment to see your dermatologist for an evaluation.

-Laurel Stearns, DO